What is PMBOK?
PMBOK is the Project Management Body of Knowledge. It was developed under the supervision of the Project Management Institute (PMI) and is summarised in a book called A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge. The most recent edition of this guide is the fifth edition, which was published in 2013.
It can be described as a process-based approach to project management. It is an internationally recognised standard that covers the fundamentals of project management. This means that the guidelines and approaches in the PMBOK are followed by project managers all over the world.
What is the role of the PMBOK?
The PMBOK is a general guide that can be used in the execution of any type of project, as it describes established norms, methods, processes and practices relating to project management. It also covers the processes and theoretical knowledge (including terminology) that is generally accepted as best practice within the project management environment.
It identifies 10 knowledge areas and 5 basic process groups that are universally relevant to the vast majority of projects.
10 knowledge areas:
- Project Integration Management
- Project Scope Management
- Project Time Management
- Project Cost Management
- Project Quality Management
- Project Human Resource Management
- Project Communications Management
- Project Risk Management
- Project Procurement Management
- Project Stakeholders Management
5 basic project management process groups:
- Monitoring and Controlling
The processes are described in terms of inputs, tools, techniques, and outputs.
Extensions of the Project Management Body of Knowledge
It serves as a general guide that is relevant and applicable to all types of projects. There have, however, been extensions to provide for specific types of projects in particular fields. These extensions are the:
- Construction Extension to the PMBOK Guide – specifically for projects in the construction industry
- Government Extension to the PMBOK Guide – specifically for government projects